The Great Sphinx is a monumental sculpture of a mythical being with the head of a human and the body of a lion, located on the Giza plateau in Egypt. It is the world's largest monolith statue, measuring 73.5 meters (241 feet) long and 20 meters (66 feet) high.
The Sphinx was built during Pharaoh Khafre's reign in the 4th dynasty of ancient Egypt, around 2500 BC. The purpose of the statue is still a subject of debate among historians and archaeologists, but it is generally thought to have had a symbolic and protective function, possibly guarding the entrance to Khafre's pyramid complex.
Over the centuries, the Great Sphinx has been subjected to weathering and erosion, particularly from wind and sandstorms. It has also suffered damage from human activity, including vandalism and restoration attempts. Nevertheless, the Sphinx remains an iconic symbol of ancient Egypt and a popular tourist attraction.
How to explore The Great Sphinx?
- Take a guided tour: A guided tour can provide you with valuable insights into the history, architecture, and significance of the Great Sphinx. Many tour operators offer tours of the Sphinx as part of a larger tour of the Giza plateau.
- Marvel at the Sphinx: The Sphinx is an impressive sight to behold, and you can spend hours admiring its details and taking photographs.
- Explore the Giza plateau: The Great Sphinx is located on the Giza plateau, which is home to several other ancient Egyptian pyramids and tombs. Exploring the plateau can give you a deeper appreciation of the history and culture of ancient Egypt.
- Visit the Sphinx temple: Adjacent to the Sphinx is the Sphinx temple, which was once used for religious rituals. You can explore the temple and learn more about its history and significance.
- Take a camel ride: Camel rides are a popular way to explore the Giza plateau and provide a unique perspective on the Great Sphinx and the surrounding pyramids. Camel rides are available from several operators in the area.